Joel M Miller, PhD

Director & Senior Scientist at Eidactics
Director of Research at The Strabismus Research Foundation (SRF)
Senior Scientist at The Smith-Kettlewell Eye Research Institute (SKERI; 1982-2013)

Medical Arts Building • Suite 210
2000 Van Ness Avenue
San Francisco, CA 94109-3021


Developed & marketed Orbit™, the first generally accepted biomechanical strabismus model (Miller, et al 1993, 1995, 1999)

Orbit 1.8 now runs in an emulation environment (OOI, "Orbit on Intel") on current versions of Mac OSX.
Measured physiologic EOM forces in an alert behaving NHP, using a chronically-implantable transducer developed in our laboratory (Miller & Robins 1992)

Application of our MFT device has fundamentally disrupted theories of oculomotor control.
EOM PulleysProposed the modern notion of extraocular muscle pulleys (Miller 1989), and obtained the first functional evidence of their existence (Miller, et al 1993)

It is now clear that much of routine ocular kinematics is implemented in the orbit, leaving the brain to do other, more interesting, things.
Orbital MRI
Used MRI to determine EOM paths, cross-sections and contractilities in humans (Miller 1989)

The unexpected stability of posterior muscle paths relative to the orbit led us to propose that rectus eye muscles acted through extraocular muscle pulleys. Orbital MRI is now used (and sometimes misused) to evaluate eye muscle contractile state, hypertrophy, and atrophy (see EOM Scan Analysis).

Training & Experience

Research Fellow in Ophthalmology & Biomedical Engineering with David A Robinson, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
Research Associate in Psychology, with Hiroshi Ono, York University, Toronto.
PhD in Experimental Psychology with Leon Festinger, Program in Visual Perception, Graduate Faculty of the New School for Social Research.
BS in Physics, City University of New York.


Design of Miniature implantable devices
Orbital MRIOrbital Imaging
LabOS Software Engineering: real-time experiment control, biological data analysis, biomechanical simulations, image analysis, Unix, MacOS, C, LabVIEW, ...
Eye Movement Measurement: DPI, photoelectric limbus-reflection, scleral search-coil, VOG.


Sensation & Perception: Johns Hopkins University; State University of New York.
Human Information Processing: Johns Hopkins University; York University, Toronto.
Memory and Thinking: State University of New York.
Learning & Motivation: York University, Toronto.
Introductory Psychology: University of Baltimore; Atkinson College, Toronto.
Assembly Language Programming: New School for Social Research.

Grants & Awards

Principal Investigator, NIH/NIBIB Project R41 EB006219 (3 Jul 2006 - 30 Jun 2008): "LabOS" Closed-loop, Protocol-driven, Data Acquisition & Experimental Control ($0.3M total costs).
MFTPrincipal Investigator, NIH/NEI Project RO1 EY015314 (1 Jul 2005 - 30 Jun 2010): Neural Control of a Complex Oculomotor Plant ($2.5M total costs).
EOBMPrincipal Investigator, NIH/NEI Project RO1 EY13443 (1 Jan 2001 - 31 Dec 2005): Biomechanical Analysis in Strabismus Surgery ($2.0M total costs).
Co-Principal Investigator, NIH/NEI Project RO1 EY08313 (6 Jan 1991 - 31 Dec 2000): Biomechanical Analysis in Strabismus Surgery.
Principal Investigator, NIH/NEI Project RO1 EY06973 (7 Jul 1986 - 30 Jun 1996): Strabismus Muscle Mechanisms.
Principal Investigator, NIH/NEI Project RO1 EY04565 (1 Dec 1982 - 30 Nov 1985): Strabismus Muscle Mechanisms.
FFSFight for Sight Citation for Achievement in Basic Research, 1984.
Principal Investigator, NIH/NEI Project RO1 EY08399 (1 Dec 1989 - 30 Nov 1992): Egocentric Localization and Saccadic Plasticity.

Professional Citizenship

ARVOVice President, Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO) (2005).
Trustee, ARVO (2001–2005).
Program Planning Committee, ARVO (1997-2001).
Editorial Board, Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science (IOVS) (2003–2005).
Editorial Board, Journal of Vision (2001–2005).
Guest Editor & Reviewer, Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, (1993–2003).
Member, Society for Neuroscience (1993–present).
Editorial Board, Strabismus (1994–2005).
Editorial Board, Binocular Vision and Eye Muscle Surgery Quarterly (1990–2000).
Reviewer, American Journal of OphthalmologyJournal of NeurophysiologyNature, Nature Neuroscience, Vision Research, and Perception.

Other Management & Supervisory Experience

Principal Investigator & Senior Scientist, Smith-Kettlewell Eye Research Institute (Sep 82 - Dec 2012).
Manager of Information Services, Smith-Kettlewell (Jan 1984 - June 1998).
President, Redstone Homeowners Association (Jan 2000 – Dec 2001).